Moderate export increases for Belgian pork
In 2018 a total of 1.07 million tonnes of pork were commercially produced in Belgium, one percent more than the previous year. The self-sufficiency rate for pork in Belgium is 222 percent. This means that the majority of the pork produced is exported.
In 2018 Belgium exported 816,609 t of pork, representing a moderate increase of 2.7 percent over the previous year.
The global producer prices for pork remained significantly lower than the previous year’s prices owing to the worldwide surplus and the spread of African swine fever. Overall, the volume of the Belgian export business declined by ten percent to 1.22 billion euros.
A total of 91.4 percent, or 746,660 t, of Belgian pork was sold to other EU countries. This represents a growth of 5.7 percent in comparison to 2017.
The volume of pork that was exported to Germany totalled 234,672 t, or 28.7 percent, which was 8.2 percent less than the previous year. By contrast, exports of pork to Poland increased by 22.3 percent to a record volume of 216,848 t. As a result, Poland now accounts for 26.6 percent of the Belgian export volume. The Netherlands, as Belgium’s third most important customer, ordered around 92,386 t of pork in 2018. This represents an increase of nearly one percent in comparison to the previous year.
The total pork exports to third countries amounted to 69,949 t, representing a dramatic decline of 21.2 percent. The reason for this decrease is the African swine fever virus, which was detected for the first time in Belgium in dead wild boar in the southern Belgian province of Luxembourg in September 2018. As a result, several countries banned Belgian pig meat exports, which created a completely new situation in terms of third-country markets.
Belgium’s most important trade partners are now China with 17,605 t, the Philippines with 9,632 t, South Korea with 8,113 t and Hong Kong with 8,091 t.